**Description: **Define Russell's
definition description binder, which can be read as
"the unique 𝑥 such that 𝜑," where 𝜑
ordinarily contains
𝑥 as a free variable. Our definition
is meaningful only when there
is exactly one 𝑥 such that 𝜑 is true (see iotaval 5764);
otherwise, it evaluates to the empty set (see iotanul 5768). Russell used
the inverted iota symbol ℩ to represent
the binder.
Sometimes proofs need to expand an iota-based definition. That is,
given "X = the x for which ... x ... x ..." holds, the proof
needs to
get to "... X ... X ...". A general strategy to do this is
to use
riotacl2 6501 (or iotacl 5776 for unbounded iota), as demonstrated in the
proof of supub 8225. This can be easier than applying riotasbc 6503 or a
version that applies an explicit substitution, because substituting an
iota into its own property always has a bound variable clash which must
be first renamed or else guarded with NF.
(Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 30-Jun-2011.) |